The text of the Apostle's Creed, The Nicene Creed and The Athanasian Creed. CCC 192.
1. I AM the Lord thy God, who brought I thee out of the land of Egypt, and out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt not have strange gods before me. Thou shalt not make to thyself a graven thing, nor the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above) or in the earth beneath, nor of those things that are in the waters under the earth. Thou shalt not adore them, nor serve them : I am the Lord thy God, mighty) jealous, visiting the iniquities of fathers upon their children, unto the third and fourth generation of those that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of those that love me, and keep my commandments.
"This commandment forbids:
* Polytheism and idolatry, which divinizes creatures, power, money, or even demons.
* Superstition which is a departure from the worship due to the true God and which also expresses itself in various forms of divination, magic, sorcery and spiritism.
* Irreligion which is evidenced: in tempting God by word or deed; in sacrilege, which profanes sacred persons or sacred things, above all the Eucharist; and in simony, which involves the buying or selling of spiritual things.
* Atheism which rejects the existence of God, founded often on a false conception of human autonomy.
* Agnosticism which affirms that nothing can be known about God, and involves indifferentism and practical atheism." Compendium of the Catechism.
2. Thou shalt not take the Name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that shall take the Name of the Lord his God in vain.
"One shows respect for the holy Name of God by blessing it, praising it and glorifying it. It is forbidden, therefore, to call on the Name of God to justify a crime. It is also wrong to use the holy Name of God in any improper way as in blasphemy (which by its nature is a grave sin), curses, and unfaithfulness to promises made in the Name of God.
A false oath is forbidden because one calls upon God who is truth itself to be the witness to a lie." Compendium of the Catechism.
3. Remember that thou keep Holy the Sabbathday. Six days shalt thou labour, and shalt do all thy works; but on the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God: thou shalt do no work on it, thou, nor thy eon, nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy beast, nor the stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and the sea, and all things that are in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it.
"Jesus recognized the holiness of the Sabbath day and with divine authority he gave this law its authentic interpretation: "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath" (Mark 2:27).
Christians keep Sunday and other days of obligation holy by participating in the Eucharist of the Lord and by refraining from those activities which impede the worship of God and disturb the joy proper to the day of the Lord or the necessary relaxation of mind and body. Activities are allowed on the Sabbath which are bound up with family needs or with important social service, provided that they do not lead to habits prejudicial to the holiness of Sunday, to family life and to health. " Compendium of the Catechism..
4. Honour thy father and thy mother,. that thou mayest be long-lived upon the land which the Lord thy God will give thee.
"Children owe respect (filial piety), gratitude, docility and obedience to their parents. In paying them respect and in fostering good relationships with their brothers and sisters, children contribute to the growth in harmony and holiness in family life in general. Adult children should give their parents material and moral support whenever they find themselves in situations of distress, sickness, loneliness, or old age."
"Parents, in virtue of their participation in the fatherhood of God, have the first responsibility for the education of their children and they are the first heralds of the faith for them. They have the duty to love and respect their children as persons and as children of God and to provide, as far as is possible, for their physical and spiritual needs...' Compendium of the Catechism.
5. Thou shalt not kill.
"The fifth commandment forbids as gravely contrary to the moral law:
* direct and intentional murder and cooperation in it;
* direct abortion, willed as an end or as means, as well as cooperation in it. Attached to this sin is the penalty of excommunication because, from the moment of his or her conception, the human being must be absolutely respected and protected in his integrity;
* direct euthanasia which consists in putting an end to the life of the handicapped, the sick, or those near death by an act or by the omission of a required action;
* suicide and voluntary cooperation in it, insofar as it is a grave offense against the just love of God, of self, and of neighbor. One's responsibility may be aggravated by the scandal given; one who is psychologically disturbed or is experiencing grave fear may have diminished responsibility." Compendium of the Catechism.
6. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
"Grave sins against chastity differ according to their object: adultery, masturbation, fornication, pornography, prostitution, rape, and homosexual acts. These sins are expressions of the vice of lust. These kinds of acts committed against the physical and moral integrity of minors become even more grave." Compendium of the Catechism.
7. Thou shalt not steal.
"Above all, the seventh commandment forbids theft, which is the taking or using of another's property against the reasonable will of the owner. This can be done also by paying unjust wages; by speculation on the value of goods in order to gain an advantage to the detriment of others; or by the forgery of checks or invoices. Also forbidden is tax evasion or business fraud; willfully damaging private or public property ; usury; corruption; the private abuse of common goods; work deliberately done poorly; and waste." Compendium of the Catechism.
8. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
"The eighth commandment forbids:
* false witness, perjury, and lying, the gravity of which is measured by the truth it deforms, the circumstances, the intentions of the one who lies, and the harm suffered by its victims;
* rash judgment, slander, defamation and calumny which diminish or destroy the good reputation and honor to which every person has a right;
* flattery, adulation, or complaisance, especially if directed to serious sins or toward the achievement of illicit advantages.
A sin committed against truth demands reparation if it has caused harm to others." Compendium of the Catechism.
9. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife.
"The ninth commandment requires that one overcome carnal concupiscence in thought and in desire. The struggle against such concupiscence entails purifying the heart and practicing the virtue of temperance.
The ninth commandment forbids cultivating thoughts and desires connected to actions forbidden by the sixth commandment." Compendium of the Catechism.
10. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, nor his servant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is his.
"This commandment, which completes the preceding commandment, requires an interior attitude of respect for the property of others and forbids greed, unbridled covetousness for the goods of others, and envy which is the sadness one experiences at the sight of another's goods and the immoderate desire to acquire them for oneself.
Jesus calls his disciples to prefer him to everything and everyone. Detachment from riches &endash; in the spirit of evangelical poverty &endash; and self-abandonment to divine providence free us from anxiety about the future and prepare us for the blessedness of the "poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven" (Mathew 5:3)." Compendium of the Catechism.
1. To hear Mass on Sundays, and all Holydays of obligation.
2. To fast and abstain on the days commanded. [Baltimore catechims on 1 & 2.]
3. To confess our sins at least once a year.
4. To receive the Blessed Eucharist at Easter.
5. To contribute to the support of our Pastors.
6. Not to solemnize marriage at the forbidden times; nor to marry persons within the forbidden degrees of kindred, or otherwise prohibited by the Church; nor clandestinely.
[Baltimore Catechsim on 3rd to 6th precepts.]
(Sacrament of the Sick)
[Note that the minor orders are now supressed under Vatican II.]
"1. The three theological virtues are manifested in the following manner:
2. These virtues are fitly termed theological, because God Himself is their object, their motive, and their Author.
3. We receive the three theological virtues to render us capable of performing good works simultaneously with sanctifying grace.
4. We ought to make acts of the three theological virtues frequently in the course of our life, especially before approaching the sacraments and at the hour of death.
The Four Cardinal Virtues. Sec. 1805 CCC
Prudence - Justice - Fortitude - Temperance.
1. Prudence is the capacity of the mind to grasp, or comprehend, the good things of eternity and the means of attaining them. Through prudence we distinguish what is human from what is divine. The prudent Christian's thoughts are on gaining eternity. St. Thomas Aquinas said prudence is the eye of the soul. Without the light of the eye we cannot find our way nor without prudence can we discern the path to heaven. Without the eye we cannot make full use of our limbs, nor can we practice virtue correctly. [It is something like spiritual common sense.] Its opposite is a worldly wisdom or wisdom of the flesh that brings temporal advantage or sensual enjoyment, but this is the wisdom of foolishness. (1 Cor. 3:19; NIV). [CCC 1835 "Prudence disposes the practical reason to discern, in every circumstance, our true good and to choose the right means for achieving it."]
2. Justice enables us to willingly walk the narrow path of the commandments; the just man dreads the slightest deviation from it. The just man gives every one his due; to God, he gives worship, to proper authority, obedience, to subordinates, fairness, and to all, the love Christ commanded. ["CCC 1807 (T)he just man, often mentioned in the Sacred Scriptures, is distinguished by habitual right thinking and the uprightness of his conduct..." And see, CCC 1836.]
3. Through temperance a person uses the good things of life to the extent needed for attainment of heaven. He does not eat or drink more than needed to support life, preserve health, and fulfill responsibilities. The temperate person does not strive with excessive eagerness after honors, pleasures, or sensual enjoyments. [CCC 1838 "Temperance moderates the attraction of the pleasures of the senses and provides balance in the use of created goods."] [Editor's note: this is not to say that pleasure, or fun, is wrong. It isn't! Often we need merely to indulge in moderation, an idea that is increasingly foreign to people today. The catechism says we are to avoid excess. See, CCC 2290. It has often been recommended to people who wish to grow spiritually to give up things that are not wrong so as to separate ourselves from worldly things that do not help us on our journey to heaven, and to do penance for past wrongs done to the others.]
4. Fortitude enables a person to make sacrifices willingly for the sake of the Kingdom of God. He who possess the virtue of fortitude does not allow himself to be intimidated by ridicule, threats, or persecution. He is ready to suffer even death. He patiently endures all the afflictions that come upon him. He is like a diamond that no stone can break. Fortitude is more strikingly displayed in bearing great suffering than in undertaking great achievements, for suffering is more difficult than doing. "No saint was ever a coward. The holy martyrs showed fortitude in its highest degree." Rev. Francis Spirago, The Catechism Explained, Tan Books (1899) p. 444-46. Imprimatur, +Patrick J. Hayes, Archbishop of NY, Oct. 18, 1921. ["CCC 1837 Fortitude ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in the pursuit of the good."]
Wisdom, Fortitude, The fear of the Lord Understanding, Knowledge, Counsel, Piety
Wisdom, Fortitude, The fear of the Lord
Charity, Longanimity, Fidelity,
charity, joy, peace,
To counsel the doubtful,
To forgive offences,
To instruct the ignorant,
To bear wrongs patiently,
To admonish sinners,
To comfort the afflicted,
To pray for the living and the dead.
- To feed the hungry,
To give drink to the thirsty,
To clothe the naked,
To harbour the harbourless,
To visit the sick,
To visit the captive, and
To bury the dead.
Catholic Encyclopedia on the Works of Mercy.
1. Blessed are the poor in spirit; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
2. Blessed are the meek; for they shall possess the land.
3. Blessed are they that mourn; for they shall be comforted.
4. Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice; for they shall be filled.
5. Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy.
6. Blessed are the clean of heart; for they shall see God.
7. Blessed are the peacemakers ; for they shall be called the children of God.
8. Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice' sake; for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Presumption of God's Mercy -
Impugning (to oppose) the known truth [See Erroneous Judgment, and formation of conscience]-
Envy at another's spiritual good -
Obstinacy in sin - [CCC1037 God predestines no one to go to hell; for this, a willful turning away from God (a mortal sin) is necessary, and persistence in it until the end."]
Wilful murder [Gen. 4:10] - The sin of Sodom - Oppression of the poor - Defrauding labourers of their wages [Deut. 24:14].
By counsel - By command - By consent
By provocation - By praise or flattery
By concealment - By partaking - By silence - By defence of the ill done.
(CCC 1969 Acts of Religion.)
Alms-deeds or works of mercy - Prayer - Fasting.
Voluntary poverty - Chastity - Obedience.
[CCC "915 Christ proposes the evangelical counsels, in their great variety, to every disciple..." "CCC 944 The life consecrated to God is characterized by the public profession of the evangelical counsels of poverty, chastity, and obedience, in a stable state of life recognized by the Church."]
Death - Judgment - Hell - Heaven.
See the Baltimore Catechism on the Last Things.
A Short Catechism on Prayer | Catholic belief
Incense | Holy Water | Pray with the Saints | Church Bells | Vestments | Holy Oils | Candles | Help the Poor | Scripture on Almsgiving
From The Key of Heaven, author unknown, pp. 16-22. Published by Grainy Bros. Imprimatur 1906. The imprimatur would only apply to the original text. Any copyrighted material is used in reliance on 17USC107.
CCC = Catechism of the Catholic Church