[Editor's note: The text is from the Douay Rheims version and the links are to the New American Bible. For additional comparison you can see the NIV and other translations at the Bible Gateway.] 

All Must Die

"CCC1007 "Death is the end of earthly life. Our lives are measured by time, in the course of which we change, grow old and, as with all living beings on earth, death seems like the normal end of life. That aspect of death lends urgency to our lives: remembering our mortality helps us realize that we have only a limited time in which to bring our lives to fulfillment..."

In what day soever thou shalt eat of it, thou shalt die the death. Gen. 2: 17.

In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread till thou return to the earth out of which thou wast taken; for dust thou art, and into dust thou shalt return. Gen. 3: 19.

It is appointed for men once to die, and after this the judgment. Heb. 9:27.

Yesterday for me, and today for thee. Ecclus. 38:22-23..

As in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive. 1 Cor. 15:22.

Thou hast made me as the clay, and thou wilt bring me into dust again. Job 10:9.

Thou hast strengthened him for a little while, that he may pass away forever. Thou shalt change his face, and shalt send him away. Job 14:20.

I know that thou wilt deliver me to death, where a house is appointed for every one that liveth. Job 30:23.

The voice of one, saying: Cry; and I said: What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the glory thereof as the flower of the field. The grass is withered and the flower is fallen, because the Spirit of the Lord hath blown upon It. Indeed the people is grass. Is. 40:6-7DR, . Is. 40:6-7 NAB. NIV.

He shall be brought to the graves, and shall watch in the heap of the dead. He hath been acceptable to the gravel of Cocytus, and he shall draw every man after him, and there are innumerable before him. Job 21:32 DR , NAB., NIV.

[Footnote in the DR: "VERSE 33. Acceptable to the gravel of Cocytus... The Hebrew word, which St. Jerome has here rendered by the name Cocytus, (which the poets represent as a river in hell), signifies a valley or a torrent: and in this place, is taken for the low region of death and hell: which willingly, as it were, receives the wicked at their death: who are ushered in by innumerable others that have gone before them; and are followed by multitudes above number. "]

Who is the man that shall live and not see death? Ps. 88:49. [In modern translations this is Ps. 89:49 NAB.]

One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth standeth forever. Ecclies. 1:4.

Although he lived two thousand years, and hath not enjoyed good things: do not all make haste to one place? Eccles. 6:6 DR.. NAB. NIV.. ["one place" or the "same place" means the grave.]

It is not in man's power to stop the spirit, neither hath he power in the day of death. Eccles. 8:8.

Your fathers, where are they? And the prophets, shall they live always? Zach. 1:5.

The others indeed were made many priests, because by reason of death they were not suffered to continue. Heb. 7:23.

We all die, and like waters that return no more, we fall down into the earth. 2 Kings 14:14 DR, NAB.

["Eccl. 3:20 NIV All go to the same place; all come from dust, and to dust all return." NAB.]

O forgive me, that I may be refreshed before I go hence and be no more. Ps. 88:14. [Another unknown source but see Job 7:21, NIV.]

Thou shalt take away their breath, and they shall fail and shall return to their dust. Ps. 103:29. Ps. 104:29 in NAB.[NIV passages that refer to dust.]

[There is] a time to die. Therefore the death of man and of beasts is one, and the condition of them both Is equal: as man dieth, so they also die, all things breathe alike, and man hath nothing more than beast: all things are subject to vanity. And all things go to one place: of earth they were made, and into earth they return together. Eccies. 3:2,, 19f

As he came forth naked from his mother's womb, so shall he return, and shall take nothing away with him of his labor. Ecclesiastes 5:14.

The living know that they shall die, but the dead know nothing more, neither have they a reward any more:
for the memory of them is forgotten. Eccies. 9:5.

As by one man sin entered into this world, and by sin death; and so death passed upon all men in whom all have sinned. But death reigned from Adam unto Moses, even over them who have not sinned after the similitude of the transgression of Adam: who is a figure of him who was to come. Rom. 5:12-14.

The body is dead because of sin. Rom. 8:10.

By a man came death. In Adam all died. The enemy death shall be destroyed last. 1 C. 15::21 f., 26.

The sting of death is sin. 1 C. 15:56. It is appointed unto men, once to die. Heb. 9:27.

As the flower of the grass shall he pass away. For the sun rose with a burning heat, and parched the grass, and the flower thereof fell off, and the beauty of the shape thereof perished; so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways. Jas. 1:10 f.

If you act as though death is never going to come for you, take a look at How long?



Preparation for Death

"CCC 1014 The Church encourages us to prepare ourselves for the hour of our death. In the litany of the saints, for instance, she has us pray: "From a sudden and unforeseen death, deliver us, O Lord";586 to ask the Mother of God to intercede for us "at the hour of our death" in the Hail Mary; and to entrust ourselves to St. Joseph, the patron of a happy death."

The days of man are short, and the number of his months is with thee: thou hast appointed his bounds, which cannot be passed. Job 14:5.

O Lord, make me know my end, and what is the number of my days: that I may know what is wanting to me. Ps. 38:5. Ps 39:5 NAB.

Thus saith the Lard God: Give charge concerning thy house, for thou shalt die and not live. 4K. 20:1,DR. NAB.

Give ye glory to the Lord your God, before it be dark, and before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains: you shall look for light, and he will turn it into the shadow of death and into darkness. Jer. 13:16.

It is not in man's power to stop the spirit, neither hath he power in the day of death, neither is he suffered to rest when war is at hand, neither shall wickedness save the wicked. Eccies. 8:8.

Our years shall be considered as spider: The days of our years in them are threescore and ten years. But if in the strong they be fourscore years: and what is more of them is labor and sorrow. Ps. 89:9, DR. NAB.

["VERSE 9. As a spider... As frail and weak as a spider's web; and miserable withal, whilst like a spider we spend our bowels in weaving webs to catch flies.
VERSE 10. Mildness is come upon us, etc... God's mildness corrects us; inasmuch as he deals kindly with us, in shortening the days of this miserable life; and so weaning our affections from all its transitory enjoyments, and teaching us true wisdom. " Footnotes to DR.]

Seek not death in the error of your life, neither procure ye destruction by the works of your hands. For God made not death, neither hath he pleasure in the destruction of the living. Wis. 1:12 f.

The life of man upon earth is a warfare, and his days are like the days of a hireling. As a servant longeth for the shade, as the hireling looketh for the end of his work; . Job 7:1 f.

Shall man that is dead, thInkest thou, live again? all the days In which I am now in warfare, I expect until my change come. Thou shalt call me~ and I will answer thee: to the work of thy hands thou shalt reach out thy right hand. Thou indeed hast numbered my steps, but spare my sins. Job 14:14-16.

I will add to thy days fifteen year and I will deliver thee and thin city out of the hand of the king of the Assyrians, and I will protect this city for my own sake, and for David thy servant's sake. 4 K. 20:6.

Go and say to Ezechias: Thus saith the Lord the God of David thy father: I have heard thy prayer, and I have seen thy tears: behold I will add to thy days fifteen years: Is. 38:5.

And all the days of Mathusala were nine hundred and sixty-nine years, and he died. Gen. 5:27.

There is but one step between me (as I may say) and death. 1 K.20:3. DR.

Now that he is dead, why should I fast? Shall I be able to bring him back any more? I shall go to him rather: but he shall not return to me. 2K.12:23.

The light is sweet, and it is delightful for the eyes to see the sun. If man live many years, and have rejoiced in them all, he must remember the darksome time. Eccles. 11:7 f.

Blessed are those servants, whom the Lord, when he cometh, shall find them watching. Luke 12:37.

I must work the works of him that sent me, whilst it is day: the night, cometh when no man can work. John 9:4.

Converse in fear during the time of your sojourning here. 1 Pet. 1:17.


Brevity of Life

CCC 1821 "Watch carefully, for everything passes quickly, even though your impatience makes doubtful what is certain, and turns a very short time into a long one."

Behold, short years pass away, and I am walking in a path by which I shall not return. Job 16:23.

We are sojourners before thee, and strangers, as were all our fathers. Our days upon earth are as a shadow, and there is no stay. 1 Par. 29: 15.

My days have passed more swiftly than the web is cut by the weaver, and arc consumed without any hope. Job 7:6.

Remember that my life is but wind, and my eye shall not return to see good things. Job 7:7.

My days have been swifter than a post: they have fled away and have not seen good. They have passed by as ships carrying fruits, as an eagle flying to the prey. Job 9:25 f.

Shall not the fewness of my days be ended shortly? Suffer me, therefore, that I may lament my sorrow a little. Job 10:20.

Man, born of a woman, living for a short time, is filled with many miseries. He cometh forth like a flower and is destroyed, and fleeth as a shadow, and never continueth in the same state. And dost thou think it meet to open thy eyes upon such a one, and to bring him into judgment with thee? Job 14:1-3.

As a dream that fleeth away he shall not be found: he shall pass as a vision of the night. Job 20:8.

Behold thou hast made my days Measurable: and my substance is as nothing before thee. Ps. 38:6. [In the NAB Ps. 39:6.]

The time is short. It remaineth that... they that weep be as though they wept not, and they that rejoice as if they rejoiced not; and they that use this world, as if they used it not; or the fashion of this world passeth away. 1Cor. 7:30f DR, NAB.

We have not have a lasting city, but we seek one that is to come. Heb. 13:14.

Man is like to vanity, his days pass away like a shadow. Ps. 143.4 DR, Ps. 144:4 in the NAB.


Uncertainty of Life

CCC 1500 "In illness, man experiences his powerlessness, his limitations, and his finitude. Every illness can make us glimpse death."

My strength is not the strength of stones, nor is my flesh of brass. Job. 6:12.

Shall man be justified in comparison of God, or shall a man be more pure than his Maker? Behold they that serve him are not steadfast, and in his angels he found wickedness: how much more shall they that dwell in houses of clay, who have an earthly foundation, be consumed as with the moth? Job 4:17-19.

Your remembrance shall be compared to ashes, and your necks shall be brought to clay. Job 13:12.

I am to be consumed as rottenness, and as a garment that is moth-eaten. Job 13:28.

My spirit shall be wasted, my days shall be shortened, and only the grave remaineth for me. Job 17:1.

He knoweth our frame. He remembers that we are dust: man's days are as grass, as the flower of the field so shall he flourish. For the spirit shall pass in him, and he shall not be: and he shall know his place no more. Ps. 102:14-16DR. NAB. NIV.

Lord, what is man, that thou art made known to him? or the son of man, that thou makest account of him? Man is like to vanity: his days pass away like a shadow. Ps. 143:3 f, DR. NAB.

A thousand years in thy sight are as yesterday which is past, and as a watch in the night, as things that are counted nothing shall their years be. In the morning man shall grow up like grass, in the morning he shall flourish and pass away: in the evening he shall fall, grow dry, and wither. Ps. 89:4-6. In NAB Ps. 90:4-6.

Remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth, before the time of affliction come, and the years draw nigh of which thou shalt say: They please me not. Before the silver cord be broken, and the golden fillet shrink back, and the pitcher be crushed at the fountain, and the wheel be broken upon the cistern, and the dust return into its earth, from whence It was, and the spirit return to God, who gave it. Eccies. 12: 1, 6 f. Ecclesiastes 12:1-7, NAB.

All flesh is as grass: and all the glory thereof as the flower of grass. The grass is withered, and the flower thereof is fallen away. 1 Pet. 1:24.

Thou seest that I am old, and know not the day of my death. Gen. 27:2. Or as the NAB renders it. "As you can see, I am so old that I may now die at any time...

Thy life shall be as it were hanging before thee. Thou shalt fear night and day, neither shalt thou trust thy life. In the morning thou shalt say: Who will grant me evening? and at evening: Who will grant me morning? Deut. 28:66 f.

My soul Is continually in my hands; and I have not forgotten thy law. Ps. 118:109. [The NAB translates 119:109 thus: "My life is always at risk, but I do not forget your teaching." NIV.

Boast not for tomorrow, for thou knowest not what the day to come may bring forth. Prov. 27:1.

Behold now, you that say: Today or tomorrow we will go into such a city, and there we will spend a year, and will traffic, and make our gain. Whereas you know not what shall be on the morrow. Jas. 4: 13 f.

For what Is your life? It Is a vapor which appeareth for a little while, and afterwards shall vanish away. For that you should say: If the Lord will, and, If we shall live, we will do this or that. But now you rejoice in your arrogancies. All such rejoicing Is wicked. Jas. 4:15 f.



Death of Sinners

CCC 1034 "Jesus often speaks of "Gehenna" of "the unquenchable fire" reserved for those who to the end of their lives refuse to believe and be converted, where both soul and body can be lost. NIV. Jesus solemnly proclaims that he "will send his angels, and they will gather . . . all evil doers, and throw them into the furnace of fire," Matt. 13:41 DR, and that he will pronounce the condemnation: "Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire!"" Matt. 25:41 DR
CCC1039 "In the presence of Christ, who is Truth itself, the truth of each man's relationship with God will be laid bare. The Last Judgment will reveal even to its furthest consequences the good each person has done or failed to do during his earthly life:
"All that the wicked do is recorded, and they do not know. When "our God comes, he does not keep silence.". . . St. Augustine.
 See Dore's Vision of Death.

The Lord struck Nabal, and he died. 1K.25:38. 1Sam. 25:38 NAB.

They that shall be left shall be taken away from them: they shall die, and not in wisdom. Job 4:21.

Let his confidence be rooted out of his tabernacle, and let destruction tread upon him like a king. He shall drive him out of the light into darkness, and shall remove him out of the world. Job 18:14, 18. NIV.

The praise of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment. If his pride mount up even to heaven, and his head touch the clouds: in the end he shall be destroyed like a dunghill, and they that had seen him, shall say: Where is he? Job 20:5-7. NIV.

As a dream that fleeth away he shall not be found, he shall pass as a vision of the night: the eyes that had seen him, shall see him no more, neither shall his place any more behold him. Job 20:8 f.

How often shall the lamp of the wicked be put out, and a deluge come upon them, and he shall distribute the sorrows of his wrath? They shall be as chaff before the face of the wind, and as ashes which the whirlwind scattereth. Job 21:17 f.

They shall suddenly die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and they shall pass, and take away the violent without hand. Job 34:20.

Let mercy forget him: may worms be his sweetness: let him be remembered no more, but be broken in pieces as an unfruitful tree. For he hath fed the barren that beareth not, and to the widow he hath done no good. He hath pulled down the strong by his might: and when he standeth up he shall not trust to his life. Job 24::20-22, and see footnote 2.

God hath given him place for penance, and he abuseth it unto pride: but his eyes are upon his ways. They are lifted up for a little while, and shall not stand, and shall be brought down as all things, and shall be taken away, and as the tops of the ears of corn they shall be broken. Job 24:23 f.

What is the hope of the hypocrite if through covetousness he take by violence and God deliver not his soul? The rich man when he shall sleep shall take away nothing with him: he shall open his eyes and find nothing. Job 27:8, 19. NIV.

Poverty like water shall take hold on him, a tempest shall oppress him In the night: a burning wind shall take him up, and carry him away, and as a whirlwind shall snatch him from his place. And he shall cast upon him, and shall not spare: out of his hand he would willingly flee. He shall clasp his hands upon him, and shall hiss at him, beholding his place. Job 27:20-23, and footnote 3.

If they hear not they shall pass by the sword, and shall be consumed in folly. Their soul shall die in a storm, and their life among the effeminate. Job 36:12, 14. NIV.

They shall shortly wither away as grass, and as the green herbs shall quickly fall. For yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be: and thou shalt seek his place, and shalt not find it. Ps. 36::2, 10. NIV [Ps. 37.]

I have see the wicked highly exalted, and lifted up like the cedars of Lebanon. And I passed by, and lo he was not: and I sought him, and his place was not found. Ps. 36:35 f. Ps. 37 in NAB.

He shall not give to God his ransom. Nor the price of the redemption of him soul: and shall labor forever, and shall still live unto the end. Ps. 48:8f.

He shall not see destruction, when he shall see the wise dying: the senseless and the fools shall perish together. And they shall leave their riches to strangers. They are laid in hell like sheep: death shall feed upon them. And the just shall have dominion over them in the morning: and their help shall decay in hell from their glory. Ps. 48: 10 f. Ps. 49 in NAB.

For when he shall die he shall take nothing away: nor shall his glory descend with him. For in his lifetime his soul will be blessed: and he will praise thee when thou shalt do well to him. He shall go in to the generations of his fathers: and he shall never see light. Man when he was in honor did not understand: he hath been compared to senseless beasts, and made like to them. Ps. 48:18-2l.

As a tempest that passeth, so the wicked shall be no more: and the years of the wicked shall be shortened. Prov. 10:25, 27. NIV.

The lamp of the wicked shall be put out. Prov. 13:9. NIV.

When the wicked man is dead, there shall be no hope any more. Prov. 11:7.

The wicked man shall be driven out in his wickedness. Prov. 14:32.

Evil men have no hope of things to come, and the lamp of the wicked shall be put out. Prov. 24:20. NIV.

Thy pride is brought down to hell, thy carcass Is fallen down: under thee shall the moth be strewed, and worms shall be thy covering. Thou shalt be brought down to hell, unto the depth of the pit. Is. 14:11, 15. NIV.

In the time of the evening, behold there shall be trouble: the morning shall come, and he shall not be: this Is the portion of them that have wasted us, and the lot of them that spoiled us. Is. 17:14.

Her soul hath fainted away: her sun is gone down while it was yet day. Jer. 15:9.

They shall die by the death of grievous illness: they shall not be lamented, and they shall not be buried. Jer. 16:4.

They shall kill thee, and bring thee down: and thou shalt die the death of them that are slain in the heart of the sea. Thou shalt die the death of the uncircumcised by the hand of strangers: for I have spoken It, saith the Lord God. Ez. 28:8, 10. NIV.

All the sinners of my people shall fall by the sword. Amos 9:10. NIV.

When they shall say, peace and security: then shall sudden destruction come upon them, as the pains upon her that is with child, and they shall not escape. 1 Thess. 5:3. NIV.

[See Particular Judgment in the Catholic Catechism, Scripture on Hell, and our page on the Catholic Teaching about Hell.]

The Damned in Michelangelo's Last Judgment.

(The artist's goal is frank and forthright. He wants to frighten. )



Death Not to Be Feared

CCC1010 "Because of Christ, Christian death has a positive meaning: 'For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.' Phil 1:21. 'The saying is sure: if we have died with him, we will also live with him.'" 2 Tim 2:11f

Though I should walk In the midst of the shadow of death, I will fear no evils, for thou art with me. Thy rod and thy staff, they have comforted me. Ps.22:4.

The just perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart, and men of mercy are taken away because there Is none that understandeth: for the just man is taken away from before the face of evil. Is.57:1.

Weep but a little for the dead, for he is at rest. Eccius. 22:11.

Now thou dost dismiss thy servant, O Lord, according to thy word, in peace. Luke 2:29.

He that believeth in me, although he be dead, shall live. And every one that liveth, and believeth in me, shall not die forever. John 11:25 f.

Fear not the sentence of death. Remember what things have been before thee, and what shall come after thee: this sentence is from the Lord upon all flesh. Eccius. 41:5. [Verse four in the NAB.]

(Better] Is the day of death than the day of one's birth. Eccles. 7:2, [Verse 1 in NAB.].

Fear not: I am the First and the Last. Apoc. 1:17.

There remaineth, therefore, a rest for the people of God. For he who is entered into his rest, he also hath rested from his own works, as God from his. Let us hasten therefore to enter into that rest. Heb. 4:9-11.

To me, to live is Christ, and to die Is gain. Phll.1:21.

And if to live in the flesh, this Is to me the fruit of labor: and what I shall choose, I know not. But I am straitened between two: having a desire to be dissolved, and to be with Christ, being by much the better. But to remain In the flesh Is necessary for you. Phil. 1:22-24.

For as much as the children were partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself in like manner partook of the same: that, through death, he might destroy him who had the empire of death, that is to say, the devil; and might deliver them, who, through the fear of death, were all their lifetime subject to slavery. Heb. 2: 14 f.

There the wicked cease from tumult, and there the wearied in strength are at rest. Job 3:17.

Who will give me wings like a dove, and I will fly and be at rest? Ps. 54:7. [In the NAB, Ps. 55:7.]

I will look for thy salvation, O Lord. Gen. 49:18.

All that I have shall go down Into the deepest pit: thinkest thou that there at least I shall have rest? Job

17:16 DR. NAB.

Let peace come, let him rest in his bed that hath walked in his uprightness. Is. 57:2.

These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep. His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well. But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep. John 11: 11-13.

(The grace of God) is now made manifest by the Illumination of our Savior Jesus Christ, who hath destroyed death, and hath brought to light life and incorruption. 2 Tim.1:10.

The sting of death Is sin. But thanks be to God, who hath given urn the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. 1Cor.15:56f.

We know that If our earthly house of this habitation be dissolved, that we have a building of God, a house not made with hands, eternal In heaven. For we also, who are in this tabernacle, do groan being burdened: because we would not be unclothed, but clothed over: that what Is mortal may be swallowed up by life. Now he that maketh us for this very thing is God, who hath given us the pledge of the Spirit. Therefore, having always confidence, knowing that, while we are in the body, we are absent from the Lord: we are confident, I say, and have a good will to be absent rather from the body, and to be present with the Lord. And therefore we labor, whether absent or present, to please him. 2 C. 5:4-9 DR. [See the NAB.]



Blessedness of Those Who Die In the Lord

"At the evening of life, we shall be judged on our love." St. John of the Cross, quoted in CCC 1022.

Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his saints. Ps. 115:15. [In the NAB Ps. 116:15, and footnote 6.]

The souls of the just are in the hands of God, and the torment of death shall not touch them. In the sight of the unwise they seemed to die: and their departure was taken for misery and their going away from us, for utter destruction: but they are in peace. And though in the sight of men they suffered torments, their hope is full of immortality. Wis. 3:1-4.

Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. Acts 7:59.

He said to Jesus: Lord, remember me when thou shalt come into thy kingdom. And Jesus said to him: Amen I say to thee, this day thou shalt be with me in paradise. Luke 23:42 f.

Who can count the dust of Jacob, and know the number of the stock of Israel? Let my soul die the death of the just, and my last end be like to them. Num. 23:10.

The just perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart, and men of mercy are taken away, because there is none that understandeth: for the just man is taken away from before the face of evil. Is. 57: 1.

The just man if he be prevented with death, shall be in rest. He pleased God and was beloved, and living among sinners he was translated. Wis.4:7, 10.

He was taken away lest wickedness should alter his understanding, or deceit beguile his soul. For the bewitching of vanity obscureth good things, and the wandering of concupiscence over turns the innocent mind. Wis. 4:11 f.

Being made perfect in a short space, he fulfilled a long time: for his soul pleased God: therefore he hastened to bring him out of the midst of iniquities: but the people see this, and understand not, nor lay up such things in their hearts. Wis. 4: 13 f.

The just that is dead, condemneth the wicked that are living, and youth soon ended, the long life of the unjust. Wis. 4:16.

With him that feareth the Lord, it shall go well in the latter end, and in the day of his death he shall be blessed. Eccius. 1:13. [In the NAB verse 11.]

Amen, amen I say to you, unless the grain of wheat falling into the ground, die, itself remaineth alone. But if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. John 12:24 f.

I heard a voice from heaven saying to me: Write, Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord. From henceforth now, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors; for their works follow them. Apoc. 14: 13.

Saints in Michelangelo's Last Judgement.


1. Our Blessed Lord. Luke 23:46.
2. Stephen. Acts 7:59.
3. Dorcas. Acts 9:39.
4. Abraham. Gen. 25:8. [See also Abraham's Story.]
5. Jacob. Heb. 11:21.
6. Joseph. Heb.11:22.
7. Aaron. Num. 20:26.
8. Moses. Deut. 34:5.
9. Heli. 1 K. 4: 18, i.e. 1Sam. 4:11-18 NAB.
10. David. 3K. 2:2. [i.e. 1 Kings 2:1f NAB.]
11. Joiada. 2 Par. 24: 16. NAB.
12. Ezechias. 2Par.32:33.
13. Josias. 2 Par. 35:26.



See Final Judgment in the Catechism and Michelangelo's Last Judgement.


The hour cometh wherein all that are in the graves shall hear the voice of the Son of God. And they that have done good things shall come forth unto the resurrection of life: and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of judgment. John 5:28f.

Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. John 6:39.

It hath not yet appeared what we shall be. We know that when he shall appear, we shall be like to him; because we shall see him as he is. 1 John 3:2.

We warn not have you ignorant, brethren, concerning them that are asleep, that you be not sorrowful even as others who have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died, and rose again, even so them who have slept through Jesus, God will bring with him. 1 Thess. 4: 12 f.

Jesus saith to her: Thy brother shall rise again. Martha saith to him: I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day. Jesus said to her: I am the resurrection and the life: he that believeth in me, although he be dead, shall live. John 11:23-25.

Having hope in God, which these also themselves look for, that there shall be a resurrection of the just and unjust. Acts 24:15.

Except it be for this one voice only that I cried standing among them, Concerning the resurrection of the dead am I judged this day by you. Acts 24:21.

And now for the hope of the promise that was made by God to our fathers do I stand subject to judgment: unto which our twelve tribes, serving night and day, hope to come. For which hope, 0 king, I am accused by the Jews. Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead? Acts 26:6-8.

With great power did the apostles give testimony to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus. Acts 4:33.

If we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, in like manner shall we be of his resurrection. Rom. 6:5.

To this end Christ died, and rose again: that he might be Lord both of the dead and of the living. Rom. 14:9.

If the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead, dwell in you: he that raised up Jesus Christ from the dead, shall quicken also your mortal bodies, because of his Spirit that dwelleth in you. Rom. 8: 11.

They that shall be accounted worthy of that world and of the resurrection from the dead, shall neither be married nor take wives. Neither can they die any more: for they are equal to the angels, and are the chlldren of God, being the children of the resurrection. Luke 20:35 f.

He shall cast death down headlong forever: and the Lord God shall wipe away tears from every face. Is. 25:8.

When Christ shall appear, who Is your life: then also you shall appear with him in glory. Col. 3:4.

See Jesus the Judge in Last Judgement. 




[CCC 652 Christ's Resurrection is the fulfillment of the promises both of the Old Testament and of Jesus himself during his earthly life. The phrase "in accordance with the Scriptures" indicates that Christ's Resurrection fulfilled these predictions.]

By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered Isaac: and he that had received the promises, offered up his only-begotten son: to whom it was said: In Isaac shall thy seed be called. Accounting that God is able to raise up even from the dead. Whence also he received him for a parable. Heb. 11: 17-19.

Now that the dead rise again, Moses also showed, at the bush, when he calleth the Lord: The God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. For he is not the God of the dead, but of the living: for all live to him. Luke 20:37 f. NIV.

For I know that my Redeemer liveth, and in the last day I shall rise out of the earth. And I shall be clothed again with my skin, and ~n my flesh I shall see my God. Whom I myself shall see, and my eyes shall behold, and not another: this my hope is laid up in my bosom. Job 19:25-27.

Man when he is fallen asleep, shall not rise again; till the heavens be broken, he shall not awake, nor rise up out of his sleep. Who will grant me this, that thou mayst protect me in hell, and hide me till thy wrath pass, and appoint me a time when thou wilt remember me? Shall man that is dead, thinkest thou, live again? all the days in which I am now in warfare I expect until my change come. Thou shalt call me, and I will answer thee: to the work of thy hands thou shalt reach out thy right hand. Job 14:12-15.

Thy dead men shall live, my slain shall rise again: awake, and give praise, ye that dwell in the dust: for thy dew is the dew of the light: and the land of the giants thou shalt pull down into ruin. Is. 26: 19.

God will redeem my soul from the hand of hell, when he shall receive me. Ps.48:16. [Ps. 49:16 in the NAB.]

And many of those that sleep in the dust of the earth, shall awake: some unto life everlasting, and others unto reproach, to see it always. But they that are learned shall shine as the brightness of the firmament: and they that instruct many to justice, as stars for all eternity. But go thou thy ways until the time appointed: and thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot unto the end of the days. Dan. 12:2 f.,13.

I will deliver them out of the hand of death. I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy death, o hell, I will be thy bite; comfort is hidden from my eyes. Osee 13:14, [and footnote 3.]

As concerning the dead, that they rise again, have you not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush, God spoke to him, saying: I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You therefore do greatly err. Mark 12:26 f.

Shake thyself from the dust, arise, sit up, O Jerusalem: loose the bonds from thy neck. Is. 52:2DR. NAB.

And not only it, but ourselves also, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption of the son of God, the redemption of our body. Rom. 8:23.

If by any means I may attain to the resurrection, which is from the dead. Phil. 3:11. NIV.

But as for me, I will appear before thy sight in Justice: I shall be satisfied when thy glory shall appear. Ps. 16:15DR. NAB. NIV.


5. St. Paul's Discourse on the Resurrection.


Christ's Resurrection.


For I delivered unto you first of all, that which I also received: How that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures: and that he was buried, and that he arose again the third day according to the Scriptures: and that he was seen by Cephas; and after that by the eleven. Then was he seen by more than five hundred brethren at once: of whom many remain until this present, and some are fallen asleep. After that, he was seen by James, then by all the apostles. And last of all, he was seen also by me, as by one born out of due time. 1 Cor. 15:3-8.

[See "On The Third day He Rose", in the Catholic Catechism, and the instances where the word "resurrection" occurs in the NIV at Bible Gateway.]
See Dore's depiction of the Resurrection.


His Resurrection an Argument for Ours


Now if Christ be preached that he rose again from the dead, how do some among you say, that there is no resurrection of the dead? 1 C. 15:10. NAB.

But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then Christ is not risen again. And if Christ be not - risen again, then is our preaching vain, and your faith Is also vain. Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God: because we have given testimony against God, that he hath raised up Christ; whom he hath not raised up, If the dead rise not again. 1 Cor. 15: 13-15. Ibid.

For if the dead rise not again, neither is Christ risen again. And if Christ is not risen again, your faith is vain, for you are yet in your sins. 1 C. 15:16 f.

Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ, are perished. If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable. But now Christ is risen from the dead, the first-fruits of them that sleep. 1 C. 15: 18-20.

[See "Heaven" in the Catholic Catechism. The Bible Gateway reports that the word "heaven" occurs 270 times in the NIV. Click here to view these passages.]


The Fruit of the Resurrection


For by a man came death, and by a man the resurrection of the dead. And as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made alive. But every one in his own order: the first-fruits Christ, then they that are of Christ, who have believed in his coming. 1 C. 15:21-23.

Afterwards the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God and the Father, when he shall have brought to naught all principality, and power, and virtue. For he must reign, until he hath put all enemies under his feet. 1 C. 15:24 f.

And the enemy death shall be destroyed last, for he bath put all things under his feet. And whereas he saith: All things are put under him; undoubtedly, he is excepted, who put all things under him. 1 C. 15:26 f.

And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then the Son also himself shall be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all. Otherwise what shall they do that are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not again at all? why are they then baptized for them? 1C.15:28f.

Why also are we in danger every hour? I die daily, I protest by your glory, brethren, which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord. If (according to man) I fought with beasts at Ephesus, what doth it profit me, if the dead rise not again? Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we shall die. 1 C. 15:30-32.

See Dore's New Jerusalem.


The Manner Thereof

But some man will say: How do the dead rise again? or with what manner of body shall they came? Senseless man, that which thou sowest is not quickened except it die first. And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that shall be; but bare grain, as of wheat, or of some of the rest. But God giveth it a body as he will: and to every seed its proper body. 1 C. 15:35-38.


All flesh is not the same flesh: but one is the flesh of men, another of beasts, another of birds, another of fishes. And there are bodies celestial, and bodies terrestrial: but one is the glory of the celestial, and another of the terrestrial. 1 C. 15:39 f.


One is the glory of the sun, another the glory of the moon, and another the glory of the stars. For star differeth from star in glory: so also is the resurrection of the dead. It Is sown in corruption, it shall rise in incorruption. It is sown in dishonor, it shall rise in glory. It is sown in weakness, it shall rise in power. It is sown a natural body, It shall rise a spiritual body. If there be a natural body, there is also a spiritual body, as it is written: The first man Adam was made into a living soul; the last Adam into a quickening Spirit. 1 C. 15:41-45 NAB.


Yet that was not first which Is spiritual, but that which is natural: afterwards that which is spiritual. The first man was of the earth, earthily: the second man, from heaven, heavenly. Such as is the earthly, such also are the earthly: and such as is the heavenly, such also are they that are heavenly. Therefore as we have borne the image of the earthly, let us bear also the image of the heavenly. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot possess the kingdom of God: neither shall corruption posses Incorruption. 1 C. 15: 48-50 NAB.

Of Them That Shall Be Found Alive at the Last Day


Behold I tell you a mystery. We shall all indeed rise again: but we shall not all be changed. In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall rise again incorruptible: and we shall be changed. 1 C. 15:51.

For this corruptible must put on in-corruption; and this mortal must put on immortality. And when this mortal hath put on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written: Death is swallowed up in victory.

O death, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting? I C. 15:53-55.


6. An Allusion To The General Resurrection


The hand of the Lord was upon me, and brought me forth in the spirit of the Lord: and set me down in the midst of a plain that was full of bones.

And I prophesied as he had commanded me: and as I prophesied there was a noise, and behold a commotion: and the bones came together, each one to its joint.

And I saw, and behold the sinews,

and the flesh came up upon them:

and the skin was stretched out over them, but there was no spirit in them.

And he said to me: Prophesy to the Spirit, prophesy, 0 son of man, and say to the Spirit: Thus saith the Lord

God: Come, Spirit from the four winds and blow upon these slain, and let them live again.

And I prophesied as he had commanded me: and the Spirit came into them, and they lived: and they stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.

And he said to me: Son of man:

All these bones are the house of Israel: they say: Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost, and we are cut off.

Therefore prophesy, and say to them: Thus saith the Lord God: Behold I will open your graves, and will bring you out of your sepulchers, 0 my people: and will bring you into the land of Israel.

And you shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall have opened your sepulchers, and shall have brought you out of your graves, 0 my people:

And shall have put my Spirit In you, and you shall live, and I shall make you rest upon your own land:

and you shall know that I the Lord have spoken, and done It, saith the Lord God. Ez. 37:1, 7-14NAB. NIV.

See Dore's depiction of the great vision.


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