Outline of bible sections in Matthew, Mark, and Luke

This site is designed to allow you to choose from among sections within the synoptic gospels and view the biblical text side by side for comparison. The outline follows the Gospel of Matthew but has Luke's special material also listed. Scroll down to see the full list and then click on the link for the passage, for example: The Lord's Prayer...Matt 6:9-15.

The text displayed is generally the NIV at the Bible Gateway. When the same passage appears in more than one gospel all the passages are given, which allows you to compare the differences between the gospels. If you wish to compare the NIV to another Bible Gateway version, or language, go to the top and click on the version you wish to view. (Catholics should take care if you click on a link in Bible Gateway that leads to a commentary. This would be from a Prostestant source. Catholics should alwasy check with the Catechism.) Catholics should compare the NIV with the New American Bible which is approved for use by Catholics in the United States. When the chapter is displayed scroll down to the verse you are seeking.

Other links are provided to aid research on the passage and its theology. For example, Vine's or Easton's Bible dictionaries which are Protestant in origin. Encyclopedia references are old but useful. The references to the Catechism of the Catholic Church should help provide the current authentic teaching of the church on an issue. If you wish to view all references in the Catechism on a particular word so the the online index.

(Cross references marked CCC are to the Catholic Catechism.)
"Sacred Scripture is the speech of God as it is put down in writing under the breath of the Holy Spirit." Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) sec. 81.

"The Gospels are the heart of all the Scriptures 'because they are our principal source for the life and teaching of the Incarnate Word, our Savior'". CCC sec. 125

The Infancy Narratives. 

A. The Matthean Infancy Narrative. Matthew 1, 2.

The Genealogy of Jesus ... Matt. 1:1-17 (Compare Luke 3:23-38.)

The Birth of Jesus... Matt. 1:18-25
CCC Mystery of His Birth, 525-526
The Visit of the Magi... Matt. 2:1-12
CCC 528 Magi and Epiphany.
Comment on Epiphany passage.
The Flight and the Return from Egypt... Matt. 2:13-23.
CCC 530 Flight, Death of the innocents, King Herod the Great


B. The Lucan Infancy Narrative. Luke 1, 2.

The Prologue to the Gospel ... Luke 1:1-4 (Compare the Prologue of John.)

The Promise of the Baptist's Birth... Luke 1:5-25
CCC Angel, John The Baptist
The Annunciation . . .. Luke 1:26-38
CCC Annunciation, general info on Mary
Mary's Visit to Elizabeth... . Luke 1:39-56.
Elizabeth in the encyclpedia, Prayer Magnificat in CCC, and encyclopedia

The Birth of the Baptist . . . Luke 1:57-80

The Birth of Jesus... Luke 2:1-20
CCC Virgin Birth
The Circumcision of Jesus and the Presentation in the Temple ... Luke 2:21-40
CCC Jesus' Circumcision, CCC Presentation
Jesus at Twelve Years ... Luke 2:41-52
comment: Origen. CCC Jesus' Hidden Life


The Galilean Section

John the Baptist ... Matt. 3:1-6; Mark 1:1-8; Luke 3:1-6 (Matt. 11:10; Luke 7:27)
A voice in the desert...see Is. 40:3-5. Compare John's message of repentance with Jesus' in Matt. 4:17; Mk 1:14-15.
CCC 523: John's role

John's Preaching of Repentance.... Matt. 3:7-10; Luke 3:7-9 and see Matt 7:19

John's Preaching to different people... Luke 3:10-14
multitude Lk 3:10-11; tax collectors Lk 3:12-13; soldiers Lk 3:14.
Regarding the passage on soldiers see St. Augustine.

John's Preaching about the Messiah:... Matt. 3:11-12; Mark 1:7-8; Luke 3:15-18

John's Imprisonment... Luke 3:19-20 See also Matt. 14:3-4; Mark 6:17-18

The Baptism of Jesus ... Matt. 3:13-17; Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22
CCC meaning of Jesus' Baptism, setions 535-537; comment on Lk 3:21
The Genealogy of Jesus... Luke 3:23:38
(see Descendants of Abraham)
The Temptation ... Matt 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13
CCC Jesus' Temptation
The First Preaching in Galilee. ... Matt. 4:12-17, Mark 1:14-15, Luke 4:14-15 Coment
CCC First Preaching

The Rejection at Nazareth ... Luke 4:16-30

The Call of the First Disciples....Matt 4:18-22; Mark 1:16-20
See Discipleship in the NT.

Jesus in the Synagogue at Capernaum (and see sacred destinations.)... Mark 1:21-28; Luke 4:31-37

The Healing of Peter's Mother-in-law... Mark 1:29-31; Luke 4:38-39

The Sick Healed at Evening....Mark 1:32-34; Luke 4:40-41

Jesus Departs from Capernaum.... Mark 1:35-38; Luke 4:42-43

A Preaching Journey in Galilee.... Matt. 4:23-25; Mark 1:39; Luke 4:44

The Miraculous Catch of Fish... Luke 5:1-11

The Sermon on the Mount

In general see the New Law, or the Law of the Gospel.

Introduction...Matt 5: 1-2

The Beatitudes...Matt 5:3-12 (compare Luke 6:20-23)
CCC Beatitudes

The Parables of Salt and Light...Matt 5:13-16

Words of Jesus on the Law...Matt 5:17-20
CCC 1967f; see the New Law. Comment: Fulfillment of the Law.
On Murder...Matt 5:21-26
CCC 2261-62. Comment Matt 5:23-24.
On Adultery...Matt 5:27-30
If eye causes sin pluck it out...Matt. 5:29. Example of hyperbole, may mean this punishment in OT would be preferable. See 1 Sam. 11:2; Samson, Judges. 16:21; Zedekiah, 2 Kings 25:7
CCC 2336 on adultery.
On Divorce...Matt 5:31-32
See also Matt 19:3-9; CCC 1614
On Swearing...Matt 5:33-37
CCC 2150f
On Retaliation (Turn the other cheek.)...Matt 5:38-42, (Compare Luke 6:27-30.).
CCC 2262 see also 2302. Comment, love of enemies.
On Love of One's Enemies...Matt 5:43-48
CCC 2303
("be perfect..."Matt 5:48; CCC 2013 see also CCC 2053)
On Almsgiving...Matt 6: 1-4
CCC 1969-71
On Prayer. (in secret)..Matt. 6:5-8
CCC Jesus Prays and 2620
The Lord's Prayer...Matt 6:9-15
See the Catechism's discussion of the Lord's Prayer
"CCC 2774 "The Lord's Prayer is truly the summary of the whole gospel," the "most perfect of prayers." It is at the center of the Scriptures.
CCC 2775 It is called "the Lord's Prayer" because it comes to us from the Lord Jesus, the master and model of our prayer."
St. Thomas Aquinas
Words of Jesus on Fasting...Matt. 6:16-18
See the CCC on interior conversion.
On Treasures...Matt. 6:19-21
CCC 2251-2257 and 10th commandment
The Sound Eye... Matt. 6:22-23
CCC 1707; light and darkness=symbols for good and evil. See last sentence of ccc 1707.
Words of Jesus on Serving Two Masters...Matt. 6:24
CCC on God and Mammon, 2113, and 2424.
On Anxiety over material things...Matt. 6:25-34
CCC 2547; liturgical prayer for protection, ccc2854.
On Judging (a speck in your brother's eye)...Matt. 7: 1-5
"[A]though we can judge that an act is in itself a grave offense, we must entrust judgment of persons to the justice and mercy of God. "CCC 1861.

On Profaning the Holy (pearls before swine)...Matt. 7:6

God's Answering of Prayer (ask and receive)...Matt. 7:7-11
CCC 2610
The Golden Rule (Do unto others...)...Matt. 7:12 and Luke 6:31
See also, on love of neighbor: Matt 19:19; Mark 12:31; Luke 10:27; Rom 13:9; Gal 5:14; James 2:8 and Lev 19:18
CCC 2055

The Narrow Gate...Matt. 7:13-14

The Test of a Good Man (known by fruit produced)...Matt. 7:15-20

Warning against self-deception (not everyone enters heaven)...Matt. 7:21-23

Hearers and Doers of the Word (house built on rock)...Matt. 7:24-27

The End of the Sermon (taught with authority)...Matt. 7:28-29

The Healing of a Leper...Matt.8:1-4; Luke 5:12-16; Mark 1:40-45

The Centurion's Servant...Matt. 8:5-13

The Healing of Peter's Mother- in-Law...Matt. 814-15 (also Mark 1:29-31; Luke 4:38-39)

The Sick Healed at Evening...Matt. 8:16-17

The Nature and cost of Discipleship...Matt. 8:18-22
comment: A follower's self-sacrifice

Calming the Storm...Matt. 8:23-27

The Gadarene Demoniacs...Matt. 8:28-34

The Healing of the Paralytic (sins forgiven)...Matt. 9:1-8, also Mark 2:1-12; Luke 5:17-26

The Call of Levi (Matthew)...Matt. 9:9-13; Mark 2:13-17; Luke 5:27--32

The Question about Fasting (new wine in old wineskins). ..Matt. 9:14-17;Mark 2:18-22; Luke 5:33-39

Jairus' Daughter and a Woman s Faith...Matt. 9:18-26

Two Blind Men Healed...Matt. 9:27-31

The Healing of a mute Demoniac...Matt. 9:32-34

The Harvest and Laborers...Sending Out of the Twelve...Matt. 9:35-10:16

The Fate of the Disciples...Matt. 10:17-25 Servant is like master Matt. 10:24. Don't worry about speech...Matt. 10:19.

Exhortation to Fearless Confession, i.e. declaration of faith...Matt. 10:26-33

Division in Households...Matt. 10:34-36
But see the Duties of Christian Family Members in the Catechism.
comment on Division of Households

Conditions of Discipleship (loses life finds it)...Matt. 10:37-39 (see also Matt. 16:24-25; Mark 8:34-35; Luke 9:23-24)(and see Luke 14:26-27;17:33.)

End of the discourse (receives you receives me)...Matt. 10:40-11:1

John's Question to Jesus... Matt. 11:2-6

Jesus' Words about John (children's words in market)...Matt. 11:7-19

Woes on the Cities of Galilee (like Sodom)....Matt. 11:20-24

Jesus' Thanksgiving to the Father (none knows Father)...Matt. 11:25-27

Comfort for the Heavy-laden (yoke easy)...Matt. 11:28-30

Plucking Heads of Grain on the Sabbath...Matt. 12:1-8; MARK 2:23-28; LUKE 6:1-5

The Healing of the Man with the Withered Hand...Matt. 12:9-14; Mark 3:1-6; Luke 6:6-11 (Mark 3:1-6 in NAB)

Jesus Heals the Multitudes...Matt. 12:15-21; Mark 3:7-12; Luke 6:17-19

The Call of the Twelve... Mark 3:13-19; Luke 6:12-16 Comment:Choosing the twelve


The Sermon on the Plain in Luke
 [key material on Christian living.] Luke 6:20-49.

The Beatitudes...Luke 6:20-23

The Woes...Luke 6:24-26

On Love of One's Enemies, be merciful and generous...Luke 6:27-36

Judge not,...Luke 6:37

Give so given to you...Luke 6:38

Blind lead blind...Luke 6:39

One taught is like teacher ...Luke 6:40

Speck in the eye (hypocrisy)...Luke 6:41-42

A Test of Goodness...Luke 6:43-46

Hearers and Doers of the Word...Luke 6:47-49


The Centurion's Slave...Luke 7:1-10

The raising of a Widow's Son at Nain...Luke 7:11-17

John's Question to Jesus...Luke 7:18-23

Jesus' Words about John...Luke 7:24-35

The Woman with the Ointment...Luke 7:36-50

The Ministering Women...Luke 8:1-3


Accusations against Jesus...Matt. 12:22-24; Mark 3:20-23

A House Divided...Matt. 12:25-37; Mark 3:23-30

Against Seeking for Signs...Matt. 12:38-42

The Return of the Evil Spirit....Matt. 12:43-45

Jesus' True Relatives...Matt. 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35

The Parable of the Sower...Matt. 13:1-9; Mark 4:1-9; Luke 8:4-8

The Reason for Speaking in Parables (secrete)...Matt. 13:10-15; Mark 4;10-12; Luke 8:9-10

The Blessedness of the Disciples...Matt. 13:16-17

Kingdom Parables

The Interpretation of the Parable of the Sower...Matt. 13:18-23; Mark 4:13-20; Luke 8:11-15

The Purpose of Parables (what is secrete will be made known) ... Mark 4:21-25; Luke 8:16-18
comment on Luke 8:16-18

The Parable of the Seed Growing Secretly...Mark 4:26-29

The Parable of the Weeds...Matt. 13:24-30

The Parable of the Mustard Seed...Matt. 13:31-32; Mark 4:30-32

The Parable of the Leaven...Matt. 13:33

Jesus' Use of Parables ... Matt. 13:34-35; Mark 4:33-34

The Interpretation of the Parable of the Weeds...Matt. 13:36:43

The Parables of the Hidden Treasure and of the Pearl...Matt. 13:44-46

The Parable of the Net...Matt. 13:47-50

The Parable of the Householder...Matt. 13:51-52

Jesus' True Relatives [kin]...Luke 8:19-21

The Stilling of the Storm...Mark 4:35-41; Luke 8:22-25

The Gerasene Demoniac...Mark 5:1-20; Luke 8:26-39

Jairius' Daughter raised and the faith of the Woman with a hemorrhage ... Mark 5:21-43; Luke 8:40-56

Jesus is Rejected at Nazareth....Matt. 13:53-58; Mark 6:1-6

The Sending out of the Twelve....Mark 6:7-13; Luke 9:1-6
comment: First Missionary Journey

Herod Thinks Jesus is John, Risen ... Matt. 14:1-2; Mar 6:14-16; Luke 9:7-9

The Death of John...Matt. 14:3-12; Mark 6:17-29

The Return of the Twelve, and the Feeding of the Five 'thousand ... Matt. 14:13-21; Mark 6:30-44; Luke 9:10-17. Comment on the return: Come to Quiet

The Walking on the Water.... Matt. 14:22-33; Mark 6:45-52

Healings at Gennesaret ...Matt. 14:34-36; Mark 6:53-56

What Defiles a Man [list of sins and source]... Matt. 5:1-20; Mark 7:1-23

The Syrophoenician Woman.... Matt. 15:21-28; Mark 7:24-30

The Healing of Many Sick Persons -- Matt. 15:29-31

Healing of the Deaf Mute... Mark 7:31-37

The Feeding of the Four Thousand ... Matt. 15:32-39; Mark 8:1-10
Comment: Feeding Five Thousand People, John 6:1-15

The Pharisees Seek a Sign ... Matt. 16:1-4; Mark 8:11-13


A Discourse on Leaven...Matt. 16:5-12; Mark 8:14-21

The Blind Man of Beshsaida...Mark 8:22-26

The Confession at Caesarea Philippi and the First Prediction of the Passion...Matt. 16:12-23; Mark 8:27-33; Luke 9:18-22.

The Conditions of Discipleship...Matt. 16:24-28; Mark 8:34-9:1; Luke 9:23-27

The Transfiguration...Matt. 17:1-9; Mark 9:2-10; Luke 9:28-36

The Coming of Elijah...Matt. 17:10-13; Mark 9:11-13

An Epileptic Boy Healed...Matt. 17:14-21; Mark 9:14-29; Luke 37-43
(Matt. 17:21, Mark 9:29, NAB footnote #7, some manuscripts say fasting and prayer. See MK 9:28 in Rheims NT.)

The Second Prediction of the Passion...Matt. 17:22-23; Mark 9:30-32; Luke 9:43-45.

Tue Temple Tax ... Matt. 17:24-27

The Dispute about Greatness...Matt. 18:1-5; Mark 9:33-37; Luke 9:46-48

The Strange Exorcist...Mark 9:38-41; Luke 9:49-50
(Someone not against you is for you.) Comment Luke 9:49.
On Temptations... Matt. 18:6-9; Mark 9:42-48
(If eye causes you to sin pluck it out.)

Concerning Salt...Mark 9:49-50

The Lost Sheep...Matt. 18:10-4

On Reproving One's Brother...Matt. 18:15-20

On Reconciliation...Matt. 18:21-22
(Forgive 70 x 7 times.)

The Parable of the Unmerciful Servant... Matt. 18:23-35


II. Luke's Special Section Luke 9:51-18:14

The Samaritan Villagers...Luke 9:51-56

The Nature of Discipleship...Luke 9:57-62

The Sending Out of the Seventy...Luke 1:1-16

The Return of the Seventy...Luke 10:17-20

Jesus' Gratitude to the Father...Luke 10:21-22
(No on knows the Father except the son.)

The Blessedness of the Disciples...Luke 10:23-24

The Lawyer's Question...Luke 10:25-28
(Love God and neighbor.)

The Parable of the Good Samaritan...Luke 10:29-37

Mary and Martha...Luke 10:38-42
comment: Action v. contemplation

The Lord's Prayer...Luke 11:1-4 (Matt 6:9-13)

The Friend at Midnight...Luke 11:5-8
The Answer to Prayer...Luke 11:9-13
(ask and receive)
The Beelzebub Controversy...Luke 11:14-23
(kingdom divided)

The Return of the Evil Spirit...Luke 11:24-26

The Blessedness of Jesus' Mother...Luke 11:27-28

The Sign for this Generation...Luke 11:29-32
(sign of Jonah - Jonah 3:4 The book of Jonah is not now seen as a history but more like a parable. But see Easton's for an earlier view.) Comment on the Sign of Jonah.

Concerning Light...Luke 11:33-36

Discourse against the Pharisees...Luke 11:37-12:1
(woe to you...See comment: Six Woes.)
Exhortation to Fearless Confession...Luke 12:2-12
(do not fear - hairs on head numbered Lk 12:4-7
blasphemes against Holy Spirit Lk 12:10
do not be anxious about what you are to say Lk 12:11-12)
The Parable of the Rich Fool...Luke 12:13-21
(avoid covetousness) Comment on text.
Cares about Earthly Things...Luke 12:22-34
(do not be anxious Lk 12:25
"For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also." Lk 12:34)
Watchfulness and Faithfulness......Luke 12: 35-46
(the Son of Man will come unexpectedly. Lk 12:40) Comment Lk 12:35-38, Be Alert.
The Servant's punishment......Luke 12:47-48
(much given much expected) Comment on ignorance and punishment.
Interpreting the Present Time......Luke 12:49-56
(Jesus' coming brings division.)

Agreement with One's Accuser......Luke 12:57-59

Repentance or Destruction......Luke 13:1-9
(Sudden misfortune is not sent to worst sinners. Lk 13:1-5
Fruitless fig tree. Lk 13:6-9)
The Healing of the Woman with a Spirit of Infirmity......Luke 13:10-17
(Stooped or bent back.) Comment.

The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Leaven ......Luke 13:18-21

Exclusion from the Kingdom......Luke 13:22-30
("Strive to enter by the narrow door" Lk 13:24
"some are last who will be first" Lk 13:30)
The Departure from Galilee.......Luke 13:31-33
(Herod seeks to kill Jesus.)

The Lament over Jerusalem.......Luke 13:34-35

The Healing of a Man with Dropsy......Luke 14:1-6
(This condition is now called edema.)
Teaching on Humility......Luke 14:7-14
("For every one who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted." Lk 14:11)

Parable of the Great Supper......Luke 14:15-24

The Cost of Discipleship......Luke 14:25-35
(Bear your own cross... Lk 14:27
"Renounce all he has..." Lk 14:33)
The Lost Sheep and the Lost Coin......Luke 15:1-10
(Angels rejoice over one repentant sinner. Lk 15:10)
The Prodigal Son...Luke 15:11-32
ccc sec. 1439
The Unjust Steward...Luke 16:1-13
"You cannot serve God and mammon." Lk 16:13
The Hypocrisy of the Pharisees...Luke 16:14-15
(God knows your hearts...Lk 16:15)
About the Law and about Divorce...Luke 16:16-18
(The law and prophets governed until John the Baptist, Lk 16:16,
but none of the law becomes void. Lk 16:17 See Matt. 5:18)
The Rich Man and Lazarus...Luke 16:19-31
(a great chasm between heaven and hell. Lk 16:26)

On Causing Sin...Luke 17:1-2

On Forgiveness...Luke 17:3-4
(Here 7 times, in Matt 18:22 it is 70 times 7 times.)
On Faith...Luke 17:5-6
(Tree planted in sea.)
The Servant's Wages...Luke 17:7-10
(Doing the minimum not praiseworthy. Lk. 17:10)
Comment: loyal service can move mountains.
The Healing of Ten Lepers...Luke 17:11-19
Leprosy was a disfiguring disease but in the New Testament it could be merely "psoriasis", according to Vines. See Leprosy in Columbia Encyclopedia.
(Gratitude to God, giving thanks. Lk 17:16. Faith heals. Lk 17:19)
On the Kingdom of God...Lk 17:20-21
(Kingdom in your midst.)
The Day of the Son of Man...Lk 17:22-37
(The day will come suddenly.)
The Parable of the Unjust Judge....Lk 18:1-8
(Pray and not lose heart.)
The Parable of the Pharisee and the Publican...Lk 18:9-14
('God, be merciful to me a sinner!' Lk 18:13)


III. The Judean Section...Matt.19-27; Mark 10-15; Luke 18:15-23-40

A. The Journey to Jerusalem...Mat. 19-20; Mark 10; Luke 18:15-19:27

Marriage and Divorce...Matt. 19:1-12; Mark 10:1-12
God made them male and female...Matt. 19:4
What God joins men must not divide...Mark 10:9
Jesus Blesses the Children...Matt. 19:13-15; Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17
(Receive the Kingdom like a child.)
The Rich Young Man...Matt. 19:16-30; Mark 10:17-21; Lk 18:18-30
(Keep commandments, the way of perfection, give to he poor, follow me, promised reward to disciples, camel-eye of needle, nothing impossible to God.)
The Parable of the Laborers in the Vineyard...Matt. 20:1-16
(Each receives the same wage.)
The Third Prediction of the Passion...Matt. 20:17-19; Mark 10:32-34; Lk 18:31-34
(Mocked, scourged, and kill, then in three days rise.)
Jesus and the Sons of Zebedee....Matt. 20:20-28; Mark 10:35-45
(Whoever is great must serve all.)
The Healing of Bartimaeus...Matt. 20:29-34; Mark 10:46-52; Lk 18:35-43
(Persistence in prayer despite rebuke. "Son of David have mercy on me"...Lk 18:38)
Zacehacus...Lk 19:1-10
(alms, restitution.) "Son of man came to save what was lost." Lk 19:10.
The Parable of the Pounds...Lk 19:11-27
(The NAB translates the "pounds" as being gold coins. The NIV suggests this is 3 months wages.)
 Comment: Parable of Talents

B. The Days in Jerusalem Matt. 21 - 25; Mark 11 - 13; Luke 19:28 - 21:7

The Entry into Jerusalem...Matt. 21:1-9; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:28-38

Prediction of the Destruction of Jerusalem...Lk 19:39-44
There is an ancient description of the revolt against Rome from Josephus.
Jesus in the Temple...Matt. 21:10-17; Mark 11:11; Lk 19:45-46
(Jesus cleanses the temple Matt. 21:12-13 Mark 11:15-19; Lk 19:45-48 Mark 11:15-19; Lk 19:45-48 )

The Cursing of the Fig Tree...Matt 21:18-19; Mark 11:12-14

The Meaning of the Withered Fig Tree...Matt. 21:20-22; Mark 11:20-26
(Faith to move mountains; ask in faith and receive.) (When you pray ask forgiveness... Mark 11:25-26)

The Question about Jesus' Authority.....Matt. 21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33; Lk 20:1-8

The Parable of the Two Sons....Matt 21:28-32
(One refuses then repents.)
The Parable of the Wicked Tenants...Matt. 21:33-48; Mark 12:1-12; Lk 20:9-19.
(The stone rejected becomes the corner stone.)
The Parable of the Marriage Feast...Matt. 22:1-14
(Poor invited when guests refuse. No wedding garment.)
The Question concerning Tribute to Caesar...Matt. 22:15-22; Mark 12:13-17; Lk 20:20-26
(Taxes, duty to government, duty to God.)
The Question concerning the Resurrection...Matt. 22:23-33; Mark 12:18-27; Lk 20:27-40
(No marriage in heaven; people like angels.)
The Great Commandment...Matt. 22:34-40; Mark 12:28-34
(Love God; love neighbor.)

About David's Son...Matt. 22:41-46; Mark 12:35-37a; Lk 20:41-44

Woes against the Pharisees...Matt. 23:1-36; Mark 12:37b-40; Lk 20:45-47
Call no one teacher or father Matt. 23:8-9
Oaths Matt. 23:16-22
Strain out the gnat and swallow the camel. Matt. 23:24
Whitewashed tombs Matt. 23:25-28
Brood of vipers. Matt. 23:33

The Lament over Jerusalem....Matt. 23:37-39

The Widow's Gift...Mark 12:41-44; Lk 21:1-4
(The amount of the gift not important.) Comment: widow's gift
Prediction of the Destruction of the Temple...Matt. 24:1-3; Mark 13:1-4; Lk 21:5-7 
This occurred in about 70AD according to Josephus.

The Synoptic Apocalypse. Matt. 24:4-36, Mark 13:5-37; Lk 21:8-36

See Definitions of Apocalypse.

The Signs of the Parousia...Matt. 24:4-8; Mark 13:5-8; Lk 21:8-11
(wars and rumors of wars, but end not yet Mark 13:7)
The Beginnings of the Troubles...Matt. 24:9-14; Mark 13:9-13; Lk 21:12-19
comment on Luke 21:12-19
(Trial, persecution, hatred and death. Matt. 24:9. Endurance will save. Matt. 24:13.
Before the end gospel must be preached throughout the world. Matt. 24:14.
Division in families. Mark 13:12; Given wisdom that none can contradict. Lk 21:15)
The Desolating Sacrilege...Matt. 24:15-22; Mark 13:14-20; Lk 21:20-24
(This is presumed to be a reference to the Prophet Daniel.)
The Culmination of the Troubles...Matt. 24:23-25; Mark 13:21-23
(False Christs.)
The Day of the Son of Man...Matt. 24:26-28
(Like lightening.)
The Parousia of the Son of Man....Matt. 24:29-31; Mark 13:24-27; Lk 21:25-28
(Sun will be darkened. See Is 13:10; Ezek 32:7; Joel 2:10, 31; Joel 3:15; in the clouds one like a Son of Man. Dan 7:13; gather at trumpet blast Ex 19:16; Deut 30:4; Is 27:13; Zech 9:14; from the four winds Dan 7:2; Zech 2:6; Rev 7:1.)
The Parable of the Fig Tree...Matt. 24:32-33; Mark 13:28-29; Lk 21:29-31
(When you see these things...)
The Time of the Parousia...Matt. 24:34-36; Mark 13:30-32; Lk 21:32-33
(No one knows when. ccc 673, and see ccc 1001) The Parousia is the end of the world.
Mark's Ending to the Discourse....Mark 13:33-37
(Take heed, watch...)
Luke's Ending to the Discourse...Lk 21:34-38
(Pray you have strength to escape. Lk 21:36)

The Need for Watchfulness...Matt. 24:37-41

The Watchful Householder...Matt. 24:42-44

The Faithful and Wise Servant...Matt. 24:45-51

The Parable of the Ten Maidens...Matt. 25:1-13
(Wise and foolish.)
The Parable of the Talents...Matt. 25:14-30
(In Vine's a talent is a unit of money, in weight 114 lbs. of gold or silver. But see Easton. The English dictionary defines it as " A variable unit of weight and money used in ancient Greece, Rome, and the Middle East. ")
(Good use of gifts. Outer darkness. Matt 25:30.)


The Last Judgment...Matt. 25:31-46
(I was naked and you clothed me, etc. Matt. 25:35-36;
"when you did it to one of the least of these my brethren, you did it to me." Matt. 25:40)

A Summary of the Days Spent Jerusalem...Lk 21:37-38.


C. The Passion Narrative...Matt. 26-27; Mark 14-15; Lk 22-23

See The Passion Narratives in the NT.

Jesus Crucified in the concordance to the catechism.

The Conspiracy against Jesus...Matt. 26:1-5; Mark 14:1-2; Lk 22:1-2
CCC Why they opposed Christ.
The Anointing at Bethany...Matt. 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9
(The poor you will always have with you...)

The Betrayal by Judas...Matt. 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Lk 22:3-6

Preparation for the Passover..........Matt. 26:17-19; Mark 14:12-16; Lk 22:7-13
(follow the man with the water jar...)


The Last Supper. Matt 26:20-29; Mark 14:17-25; Lk 22:14-38

See The Feeding of the Multitudes and the Last Supper - Last Supper in 1913 Catholic. Encyclopedia.

The Traitor...Matt. 26:20-25; Mark 14:17-21; Lk 22:14

The Institution of the Lord's Supper...Matt. 26:26-29; Mark 14:17-21; Lk 22:15-20
(See I Corinthians 11:23-25; I Corinthians 10:16. )(The blood of the old covenant, Ex 24:6-8, is replaced by the blood of the new covenant.) (And see Jer 31:31; 1 Cor 11:25; 2 Cor 3:6; Heb 8:8, 13; Heb 9:15)
The Corinthian account is thought to be written earlier than the gospels, because the book was written in 54 AD. See Pauline Chronology and Paul and the Christians in Corinth.
CCC Institution of the Eucharist, Eucharistic presence. CCC 1365 "In the Eucharist Christ gives us the very body which he gave up for us on the cross, the very blood which he "poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins."

Last Words...Lk 22:21-38

a) The Betrayal Foretold...Lk 22:21-33
b) Greatness in the Kingdom of God...Lk 22:24-30
c) Peter's Denial Prophesied.....Lk 22:31-34
d) The Two Swords...Lk 22:35-38

The Way to Gethsemane; Peter's Denial Prophesied...Matt. 26:30-35; Mark 14:26-31; Lk 22:39

Jesus in Gethsemane...Matt. 26:36-46; Mark 14:32-42; Lk 22:40-46
CCC Agony at Mount of Olives

Jesus Taken Captive...Matt. 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53

Jesus before the Sanhedrin, Peter's Denial....Matt 26:57-75; Mk 14:53-72; Lk 22:54-71
Peter's Denial ...Lk 22:54-62. CCC Blasphemy

Jesus Delivered to Pilate....Matt 27:1-2;Mk 15:1;Lk 23:1

The Death of Judas....Matt 27:3-10
(Cf. Zechariah 11:12-13) CCC suicide.
The Trial before Pilate....Matt 27:11-14; Mk 15:2-5; Lk 23:2-5
CCC: The Trial of Jesus, who is responsible, necessity, and result.
Jesus before Herod....Lk 23:6-16
(See Easton on Herod Antipas)
The Sentence of Death....Matt 27:15-26; Mk 15:6-15; Lk 23:17-25
(See Isa. 53:5 and see Easton on Barabbas and scourging.)
The Mocking by the Soldiers....Matt 27:27-31; Mk 15:16-20
(See Is. 50:6) Crown of Thorns Matt. 27:29; Mk 15:17)
The Road to Golgotha....Matt 27:32; Mk 15:21; Lk 23:26-32
(Simon of Cyrene)
Women of Jerusalem weep for your children. Lk 23:27-31.
The Crucifixion....Matt 27:33-44; Mk 15:22-32; Lk 23:33-43
(See Easton on Crucifixion and in the Columbia Encyclopedia.)(You may also find useful a Physician's comments on crucifixion (at an LDS site) and the entry in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia on Archaeology of Cross and Crucifix).
The Good Thief...Lk 23:39-43
Inscription - King of Jews...Mt 27:37; Mk 15:26
Father forgive them...Lk 23:34
Jesus mocked and reviled...Matt 27:39-44; Mk 15:29-32; Lk 35-37, 39
The Death on the Cross....Matt 27:45-56; Mk 15:33-41; Lk 23:44-49
My God, my God...Matt 27:46; Mk 15:34-35 (See Psalm 22, especially verse one)
Curtain of the temple torn in two ... Matt. 27:51; Mk 15:38: Lk 23:45
Centurion's testimony...Matt 27:54; Mk 15:39; Lk 23:47
The Burial of Jesus....Matt 27:57-61; Mk 15:42-47; Lk 23:50-58
CCC Jesus was buried.

The Guard at the Tomb....Matt 27:62-66

The Empty Tomb....Matt 28:1-19; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-12
Jesus speaks to the women...Matt. 28:9-10
Jews bribe the guards...Matt 28:11-15
Man/men in white/angel...Matt 28:5-7; Mk 16:5-7; Lk 24:4-7
Apostles did not believe women...Lk 24:10-12
Authority given...make disciples, baptize...Matt 28:16-19
CCC: references to Resurrection.


Matthew 28:11-20

Bribing of the Soldiers...Matt. 28:11-15

Command to Baptize...Matt. 28:16-20

CCC: Baptize and Preach 1122, Baptism references in the Catechism.

Luke 24:13-53

Appearance on road to Emmaus...Luke 24:13-35 (cf. Mk 16:12)
They recognized him when he broke bread...Lk 24:30-31
Christ also appeared to Simon...Lk 24:33-35
CCC: Emmaus is mentioned in sec. 601.
Appearance of Risen Christ in Jerusalem...Luke 24:36-49
Jesus shows hands and feet, eats...Lk 24:38-43
You are witnesses...Lk 24:48
Promise of the Holy Spirit...Lk 24:49 (also Acts 1:4, and Acts 2:1-4.)
CCC: Pentecost, the Holy Spirit and references in the concordance.

Ascension...Luke 24:50-53 (also Acts 1:9-12)

CCC: He Ascended.

Mark 16:9-20

The Longer Ending in Mark...Mk 16:9-20
Summary of Appearences...Mk 16:9-14
Christ criticized their lack of belief...Mk 16:14
Commanded to preach and baptize...Mk 16:15-16
Ascension...Mk 16:19
Signs of those who believe...Mk 16:17-18

This outline shows the extensive similarities that exist between these three gospels. For information on this see the Synoptic Problem & Proposed Solutions, by Prof. Felix Just, S.J. See also the ancient texts that speak of the authorship of the gospels. Useful background may be found at Synoptic Gospel Primer. More scholarly material is at Biblica, or links at Internet theology Resources: Scripture and Resource Pages for Biblical Studies, provided by a Lutheran scholar and Professor in Biblical Studies, Volda University College.
See CCC 126 on the formation of the gospels.

The various texts, which are linked here, are controlled by the destination organizations and are subject to their rules and copyright restrictions. If you discover broken links, misinformation, or have other comments you can mail the pastor. All information and links are provided for religious and educational purposes only.

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